Valerian has been used for centuries as a sedative and an aid to sleep. In the garden, its scented flowers draw butterflies, bees, and pollinators of all kinds. Herbalists prescribe it for agitation, pain, and insomnia. The lovely honey-scented flowers bloom in summer, appearing on tall stalks that shoot up from the low mat of green foliage. The roots are dug for use at the end of the 2nd year. Cats often have a strong reaction to valerian, sometimes using it like catnip. The seed should be planted as soon as possible--valerian seed doesn't keep reliably more than a year. It needs cool, moist soil and light for germination, so fill a pot with moist soil, tamp level, sprinkle a few seeds on the surface, and press into firm contact with the soil. Keep in a cool bright place--outdoors is fine. Keep moist until you see seedlings. 40 seeds.